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Title: Cenozoic deformation in a plate-boundary zone, Marlborough, New Zealand
Author: Vickery, Sara
ISNI:       0000 0001 3547 0385
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1994
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The Marlborough Fault System is a zone of dextral transpression in continental crust at the southern end of the Hikurangi subduction system between the obliquely convergent Australian and Pacific plates. Detailed mapping of an area of deformed Tertiary cover sequence on the down thrown side of the Kekerengu Fault (the Kekerengu- Washdyke study area) has revealed two phases of deformation, De and Dl. In the study area De consists of nine kilometre scale thrust faults cutting sediments derived from extra- and intra-basinal uplift. The timing of this episode is constrained by the age of the first clastic deposits and by a previously unidentified unconformity in this area of Late Miocene age. A clear sequence of Dl events is recognized deforming all earlier structures including Pliocene aged sediments. Although elsewhere in Marlborough a regional post-Pliocene ca. 20° clockwise block rotation has been previously identified, in the Kekerengu-Washdyke study area one site suggested no post-Pliocene rotation and another a large ca. 100° clockwise rotation. This lack of Dl rotation was unexplained and the large rotation attributed to localized Early Miocene deformation. Palaeomagnetic work carried out in this study has identified six more sites which contain this large rotation (average ca. 118+11°). The rotation therefore appears to be a regional event, likely to be a result of the location of Marlborough in the hinge zone at the southern end of the Hikurangi Margin. One site from dykes in basement rocks does not record this large rotation, indicating that the rotation occurred in upper layers detached from unrotating rock below by an unknown structure (such as a thrust fault), or that the rotation did not occur in this area. The large rotation is believed to have been achieved by pinning of the De thrusts to the south of the Marlborough region. The data suggests that the De thrusts in Marlborough were initially NW-trending and seaward, not landward-directed as was previously supposed. Palaeomagnetic work has also added to the evidence for a lack of Dl regional rotation on the downthrown side of the Kekerengu Fault. A previously unidentified second phase of Dl folding and 'bending' within the study area appears to have accommodated the regional rotation and suggests that the Kekerengu Fault acted as the eastern boundary of the Dl rotating block.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Australian-Pacific plate