Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Controls on saline intrusion into the Crag aquifer of north-east Norfolk.
Author: Holman, I. P.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3580 6862
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 1994
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
The River Thurne catchment on the north-cast coast of Norfolk contains large areas of marshland, including several Ramsar-designated sites. Land drainage of much of the marshland over the previous centuries has lowered groundwater levels to below sea-level. Consequently, saline groundwater has intruded into a large proportion of the underlying Norwich Crag aquifer, thereby raising the salinity of the surface water networks. Changes in the economics of arable farming and the perception that changes in the land drainage regimes will produce beneficial effects on the water quality of the River Thume and its associated Broads have necessitated the need for a better understanding of the hydrogeology of this complex, highly managed aquifer. To provide the necessary understanding, this study has investigated the hydrogeology, hydrology and land management of the catchment using a variety of geophysical techniques, including electrical resistivity soundings EM surveys and reflection seismology to supplement information collected using standard hydrogeological measurements The distribution of dyke water levels as maintained by the drainage pumps are shown to exert important controls on the extent and depth of saline intrusion. In the north of the catchment a further control is the internal structure of the Crag aquifer. A clay layer of probable Baventian age divides the Crag aquifer into two units and appear to prevent the salinization of the aquifer above this layer. A catchment water balance has shown that land drainage pumps discharge about 95% of the catchment recharge, so that raising dyke water levels will also result in raised groundwater levels. Futurel and use change to grazing marsh, while improving the water quality of drainage water entering the River Thurne may lead to increased salinization of the aquifer, as a result of changes in the distribution of dyke water levels.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Groundwater; Land drainage