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Title: Women's fear of male violence in public space : a spatial expression of patriarchy
Author: Valentine, Gill
ISNI:       0000 0001 3541 8990
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 1989
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The publicity surrounding the Yorkshire Ripper murders in the late 1970's and early 1980's drew the attention of the police, local governments and women's groups to the problem of women's fear of male violence. Set in this context, and the broader context of the 1980's in which fear of crime has emerged as an important social issue, this thesis examines the relationship between women's fear of male violence and their perception and use of public space. In particular, consideration is given to the way women transfer their threat appraisal from men to certain physical environments; and to how public space is occupied and controlled by different groups at different times. The research was conducted in Reading, using indepth semi-structured interviews, small group discussions, spatial diaries and observation of public space. The research shows that fear of violence influences the everyday lives of most women in ways that limit their opportunities for work, leisure and social activities. The findings also emphasise the differences in ability of women of different ages, incomes and lifestyles to negotiate their safety. Psychology literature and feminist theory is used to understand fear in public space. Finally, it is argued that women's fear of male violence operates through the medium of public space to socially control women. The thesis concludes with a discussion of the implications of these findings and with suggestions for changes which could be made to improve women's safety.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Psychology