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Title: The modelling of anisotropic jointed rock slopes by physical and numerical methods
Author: Wu, K. O.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3573 3317
Awarding Body: Paisley College of Technology
Current Institution: University of the West of Scotland
Date of Award: 1989
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In this study the stabili ty and stress distribution of anisotropic jointed rock slopes under external loading were examined. The influence of joint orientation and mechanical characteristics on the engineering behaviour of jointed rock slopes were included in the investigation. A total of four physical models were developed by using blocks of light-weight concrete and gypsum mortar to simulate intact rocks and joints respectively. The models were built within a confining frame such that plane strain conditions were maintained throughout the experiments. The stress-strain relationship and the strength of the model blocks were determined from laboratory tests. An empirical equation was established to represent the strength envelope of the model material and rocks in general. The normal and shear properties of the model rock JOints were examined, and were described by mathematical expressions in order to facilitate the numerical studies. Results from the physical modelling studies showed that localised failure regions were induced and three types of failure modes were identified. The stability and stress distribution wi thin the models were found to be significantly influenced by the properties and system of the jointing. Two computer programs were developed based on the Finite Element Method and Coupled Finite-Boundary Element Method in order to simulate the behaviour of jointed rock masses and assessments of their application were made in comparison with the physical modelling results. A special finite joint element was developed to incorporate the non-linearity and anisotropy behaviour of rock joints. The finite element program was successfully executed and gave reasonable results in which the principal stress distributions were generally in agreement with those obtained from the physical models. The finite-boundary element program on the other hand introduced boundary incompatibility in the system and therefore led to divergency.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Rock slope stability