Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.233147
Title: Smallholder agriculture as a rural development strategy : the case of Malawi
Author: Chipande, G. H. R.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3544 9738
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1983
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Abstract:
It is widely agreed that the growth strategy pursued in most of the developing countries during the 1950s and 1960s, resulted in a development pattern whereby most of the rural masses did not share in the benefits of the development effort. The 1970s was therefore the decade during which many developing countries undertook rural development efforts, largely with the help of the World Bank and other donor agencies, in an attempt to bring the benefits of economic development to the rural poor. Small-holder agricultural development has been the commonest strategy undertaken by most of the developing countries (especially in sub-Saharan Africa), to achieve this objective. This study looks at the extent to which the smallholder agricultural development effort has succeeded in improving the incomes of the smallholder population in Malawi. The study focuses its attention on analysing the innovation adoption pattern which has emerged in the Lilongwe Land Development Progamme (a poineering experiment in integrated rural development in sub-Saharan Africa). In particular, it looks at the factors that are associated with the adoption of productivity raising innovations, by examining the characteristics that are associated with innovation adopters in the area. This is done by building a model of household typologies, based on the observed adoption behaviour. The findings from the study indicated that for a smallholder agricultural development strategy to succeed in reducing rural poverty, it must be in accord with other national policies. In addition; the productivity raising innovations must be able to reach the poor households. This necessitates a careful analysis of the. constraints faced by the poor households so that appropriate innovation packages can be designed for them. It was observed for example, that in the situation under review, female headed households were seen not to adopt most of offered by the project. The distribution of inputs on credit did not improve the situation due largely to the credit rating criteria which rendered ouch households' credit risks, and also the stipulation of minimum packages, which in most cases proved to be beyond the labour and financial resources of most of the poor households. More important, the study indicated that those households that did not adopt innovations tended to rely largely on non-farm sources of income (such as petty trading, beer brewing and wage labour) not only to improve their household income positions but even to meet subsistence, needs, suggesting that the smallholder development effort was not particularly meeting their needs. This suggested the need for a search for other means of improving the incomes of such households, to supplement the smallholder development effort.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.233147  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Agriculture in Malawi
Share: