Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.732704
Title: English herbs for English bodies : the promotion of native plant remedies 1548-1659, Nicholas Culpeper and his antecedents
Author: Tobyn, Graeme William
ISNI:       0000 0004 6498 8425
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2017
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Abstract:
This is a study of the promotion in print of common or garden English herbal medicines in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Timothie Bright’s A Treatise wherein is declared the sufficiency of English medicines (1580) and Nicholas Culpeper’s The English Physitian (1652) declared that English herbs were the fittest medicines for English bodies. These works are compared, in ‘a history of medicines’, with the herbals of Turner, Gerard and Parkinson, advice from the College of Physicians on the prevention and treatment of plague and Restoration works by irregular medical practitioners. Chapter 1 justifies the period of study, defines ‘English herbs’, identifies the types of irregular practitioners who used them, and establishes the rationale and method of the study. Chapter 2 explores the extent of endorsement of English simples in the later sixteenth century, in the College’s medical advice attached to the first national Plague Orders and the arguments in favour of native remedies in Bright’s treatise. Comparison is made with the proto-nationalist herbals of Dr William Turner and John Gerard, which bracket these publications in time. Chapter 3 demonstrates how Culpeper extracted descriptions and medical uses of the English herbs from Parkinson’s Theatrum Botanicum to create his own threepenny astrological herbal. Chapter 4 investigates the background to Culpeper’s herbal: the cultural, religious and scientific sensibilities of the Interregnum, and the rise of apothecaries in the seventeenth century who managed increasing volumes of foreign exotic plants and the challenge of Paracelsian forms of medicines. Chapter 5 concerns itself with the legacy of English herbal medicines after Culpeper and the radical cultural changes established in Restoration England, viewed in the writings of irregular practitioners Joseph Blagrave and William Salmon. Conclusions for the promotion of English herbs for English bodies in the Tudor and Stuart periods are assessed in chapter 6.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.732704  DOI: Not available
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