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Title: Laser writing of coherent colour centres in diamond
Author: Chen, Yu-Chen
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Optical active point defects in crystals have gained widespread attention as photonic systems that could be applied in quantum information technologies[1, 2]. However, challenges remain in the placing of individual defects at desired locations, an essential element of device fabrication. Here we report the controlled generation of single negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV-) centres in diamond using laser writing[3]. Aberration correction in the writing optics allows precise positioning of the vacancies within the diamond crystal and subsequent annealing produces single NV- centres with a probability of success of up to 45%, located within about 200nm of the desired position in the transverse plane. A simple model was established to understand the mechanism of vacancies generation and estimate the success probability of NV- centres generation. Selected NV- centres display stable, coherent optical transitions at cryogenic temperatures, a prerequisite for the creation of distributed quantum networks of solid-state qubits. Strain measurement results of selected NV- centres show that the broadening of NV- optical transitions is due to local strain. The results illustrate the potential of laser writing as a tool for defect engineering in quantum technologies and extend laser processing to the single-defect domain.
Supervisor: Smith, Jason Sponsor: De Beers
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available