Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.728084
Title: Simulation, measurement and detection of leakage and blockage in fluid pipeline systems
Author: Owowo, Julius
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
Leakage and blockage of oil and gas pipeline systems, water pipelines, pipe-work of process plants and other pipe networks can cause serious environmental, health and economic problems. There are a number of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods for detecting these defects in pipeline systems such as radiographic, ultrasonic, magnetic particle inspection, pressure transient and acoustic wave methods. In this study, the acoustic wave method and a modal frequency technique, which based on a roving mass method, are used. The aim of the thesis is to employ acoustic wave propagation based methods in conjunction with stationary wavelet transform (SWT) to identify leakage and blockage in pipe systems. Moreover, the research is also aimed at using the difference of modal frequencies of fluid-filled pipes with and without defects and a roving mass, and consequently, to develop a roving mass-based defect detection method for pipelines. In the study, the acoustic finite-element analysis (AFEA) method is employed to simulate acoustic wave propagation in small and large air-filled water-filled straight pipe and pipe networks with leakage and blockage but without flow. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis was also employed to simulate acoustic wave propagation in air-and water-filled pipes with flow, leakage and blockage. In addition, AFEA was used to predict the modal frequencies of air- and water-filled pipes with leakage and blockage in the presence of a roving mass that was traversed along the axis of the pipes. Experimental testing was conducted to validate some of the numerical results. Two major experiments were performed. The first set of experiments consisted of the measurement of acoustic wave propagation in a straight air-filled pipe with leakage and blockage. The second set of experiments concerned the measurement of acoustic wave propagation in an air-filled pipe network comprising straight pipe, elbows and T-piece and flange. The AFEA and CFD analysis of fluid-filled pipe can be used to simulate the acoustic wave propagation and acoustic wave reflectometry of a fluid-filled pipe with leakage and blockage of different sizes down to a small leakage size of 1mm diameter and a blockage depth of 1.2mm in a pipe. Similarly, the AFEA method of a static fluid-filled pipe can be used to simulate acoustic wave modal frequency analysis of a fluid-filled pipe with leakage and blockage of different sizes down to a leakage of 1mm diameter and a blockage depth of 1.2mm. Moreover, the measured signal of acoustic wave propagation in an air-filled can be successfully decomposed and de-noised using the SWT method to identify and locate leakages of different sizes down to 5mm diameter, and small blockage depth of 1.2mm. Also, the SWT approximation coefficient, detail and de-noised detail coefficient curves of an air-filled pipe with leakage and blockage and a roving mass give leakage and blockage indications that can be used to identify, locate and estimate the size of leakage and blockage in a pipe.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.728084  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Leakage ; blockage ; pipeline systems ; acoustic wave propagation ; acoustic finite element analysis ; computational fluid dynamics ; stationary wavelet transform ; roving mass
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