Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.724047
Title: The total synthesis of furanocembrane natural products
Author: McAulay, Kirsten
ISNI:       0000 0004 6422 8493
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2017
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Abstract:
The furanocembranes are a family of marine diterpenoids isolated from octocoral invertebrates. These macrocyclic natural products possess interesting molecular structures including a furan ring at C3-C6 and a butenolide moiety encompassing C10-C12. As well as their unique structures, family members have shown promising biological activities, and thus they represent attractive synthetic targets. This thesis describes the synthetic efforts towards two of these family members: pukalide and 7-acetylsinumaxmol B. In particular, focus has been directed towards the investigation of different synthetic strategies and the synthesis of key fragments; culminating in the total synthesis of 7-epi-pukalide and 7-acetylsinumaximol B. The key synthetic approach undertaken was designed to take advantage of new methodology developed by our group for the synthesis of highly functionalised furans, including epoxy-furans, in which tetrahydrothiophene (THT) was used as an organocatalyst. The reaction promotes the formation of both a furan and an epoxide in one step from a Knoevenagel condensation product. In the first approach described herein, an intramolecular Knoevenagel condensation strategy for macrocycle formation was explored. The C12-C14/C1-C4 and C5-C11 were initially coupled through esterification; however, after further functionalisation, macrocyclisation could not be effected under Knovenagel conditions. The second approach focused on the use of an intermolecular Knoevenagel condensation reaction for fragment coupling. Although fragment coupling was successful further functionalisation proved to be difficult because of the reactive nature of the ynenone intermediates. The third and final approach investigated the development of a one-pot condensation and furan formation; combining the Knoevenagel condensation with organocatalytic tetrahydrothiophene to produce the furan directly from two separate fragments. This approach was successful, allowing completion of the full skeleton to be effected through macrolactonisation and ring-closing metathesis. Following this strategy both 7-epi-pukalide and 7-acetylsinumaximol B were accessed in 16 steps from the chiral pool starting material (R)-perillyl alcohol.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.724047  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry
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