Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.720904
Title: Large eddy simulation of tidal turbines
Author: Ouro Barba, Pablo
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2017
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Abstract:
Understanding of hydrodynamics involved in the flow around tidal turbines is essential to enhance their performance and resilience, as they are designed to operate in harsh marine environments. During their lifespan, they are subjected to high velocities with large levels of turbulence that demand their design to be greatly optimised. Experimental tests have provided valuable information about the performance of tidal stream devices but these are often conducted in constricted flumes featuring turbulent flow conditions different to those found at deployment sites. Additionally, measuring velocities at prospective sites is costly and often difficult. Numerical methods arise as a tool to be used complementary to the experiments in investigations of tidal stream turbines. In this thesis, a high-fidelity large-eddy simulation computational approach is adopted and includes the immersed boundary method for body representation, due to its ability to deal with complex moving geometries. The combination of these numerical methods offers a great balance between computational resources and accuracy. The approach is applied and validated with simulations of vertical and horizontal axis tidal turbines, among other challenging cases such as a pitching airfoil. An extensive validation of predicted hydrodynamics, wake developed downstream of the devices or structural loadings, outlines the accuracy of the proposed computational approach. In the simulations of vertical axis tidal turbines, the blade-vortex interaction is highlighted as the main phenomenon dominating the physics of these devices. The horizontal axis tidal turbine is simulated under different flow and turbulence intensity conditions, in both flat and irregular channel bathymetries. This thesis seeks to assess and enhance the performance, resilience and survivability of marine hydrokinetic devices in their future deployment at sea.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.720904  DOI: Not available
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