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Title: The internal other of China : studying Chinese nationalism through the Chinese Communist Party's discourse on Taiwan, 1931-2008
Author: Yin, Samuelson Chung Yao
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis investigates the relationship between nationalism and the political legitimation of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1931 to 2008. The starting point of the inquiry is a critical assessment of Taiwan as the 'Internal Other' of China: conceptually internal to China, but politically 'the other' in relation to the mainland. This status came about in 1949 as the Chinese Civil War ended in an anomalous standoff: While the People's Republic of China (PRC) proclaimed itself as China's legitimate government, replacing the Republic of China (ROC), the latter continued to exist in Taiwan and, until the early 1990s, insisted that it represented all of China. To the PRC Government, Taiwan is not only a lost territory, but a leigitimacy threat - as an alternative China. The CCP discourse on Taiwan, therefore, reflects not only what China is conceptually, but what China is not politically. Taiwan's challenge as the sole legitimate representative of China until the 1970s, Taiwan's different political system, and Taiwan's relinquishing its Chinese identity in the 2000s contest the CCP's vision for China and a source of legitimacy. By focussing on Taiwan as the internal other, this thesis demonstrates the extent to which nationalism has been a pillar of the CCP's political legitimacy from its formative years, and not simply a recent phenomenon, as suggested in existing literature.
Supervisor: Harrison, Henrietta ; Tsang, Steve Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Nationalism--China--History--20th century ; China--Relations--Taiwan ; Taiwan--Relations--China ; Legitimacy of governments--China ; Legitimacy of governments--Taiwan ; China--Politics and government--1912-1949 ; China--Politics and government--1949-