Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.713819
Title: Young people and their career aspirations with respect to employment in the agricultural sector : a case study of Brunei Darussalam
Author: Musa, Siti Fatimahwati Pehin Dato
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
This research aims to address the issue of occupational aspirations and attitudes of the young people towards the agricultural sector and a career in agriculture in Brunei. Brunei's history of a rich oil and gas country has made it possible to 'leap-frog' typical development stages leading to the relative neglect of agriculture in supporting economic growth. However, with declining oil reserves and the global environment of food insecurity, Brunei is currently striving to achieve self-sufficiency in rice and food security. One of the key constraints in achieving this goal is the shortage of skilled labour and one aspect of this appears to be the lack of interest shown by young people towards the agricultural sector. No research has been done to investigate this problem of youth attitudes towards agriculture as a career. Building upon an established theory of occupational aspirations, this study applies a sequential exploratory mixed method research design employing both qualitative and quantitative methods. The first phase involves a qualitative exploration of the reasons behind the lack of young people's involvement in the agricultural sector and the relationship to career aspirations. In-depth interviews with policymakers in the agricultural sector, education sector and agri-entrepreneurs were conducted to determine the institutional factors. Focus groups were carried out with 1) young people of different age groups and education levels and 2) parents. Four common themes emerged across policymakers, young people and parents namely "institutional barriers", "challenges of agricultural education", "rentier attitude of young people", and "the role of parents and family" in determining career choice. The findings from the qualitative study were then used for the development of a survey for the subsequent quantitative phase. A total of 407 questionnaires were collected from the target population consisting of young people aged 15-30 years. Factor analysis and ordinal regression were used to further refine the factors to produce a quantified analysis that can be generalised to a larger population. The findings imply that in order to promote the agricultural sector, there needs to be a clear vision for the development of modern agriculture which can generate secure income and that carries the same level of status as other respected jobs to meet the occupational aspirations of young people. There needs to be collaborative development between the government, industry and the education sector to change the agricultural landscape of Brunei in to one that is modernised, mechanized and focusing more on off-farm which can create more employment opportunities for the young people.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Universiti Brunei Darussalam
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.713819  DOI: Not available
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