Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.712002
Title: Mobilisational citizenship : identity and collective action in Santiago de Chile's underprivileged neighbourhoods
Author: Escoffier Martínez, Simón
ISNI:       0000 0004 6062 187X
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
The Chilean urban poor led crucial mobilisation throughout most of the 20th century. Scholars argue that different factors explain the demobilisation of that sector during the democratic transition (the early 1990s). Through an ethnographic comparative approach, this thesis compares two neighbourhoods. Their similitudes cannot explain why while one of them sustained contentious collective action in time, the other became demobilised as most other neighbourhoods. As in many other studies, what explains the survival of contentious collective action is a mobilisational identity. This research moves beyond those accounts to explain why mobilisational citizenship emerges in some communities and not in others. The interaction between four dimensions explains mobilisational citizenship: agentic memory, belonging, boundaries, and decentralised leadership. The sustainability of mobilisational citizenship depends on grassroots activists' capacity to transmit collective identity as political capital. The Chilean case shows that autonomy is crucial for mobilisational citizenship. In cases in which political parties establish networks of loyalty and clientelism promoting the monopoly of political capital at the grassroots level, communities cannot develop and sustain a mobilisational identity.
Supervisor: Payne, Leigh Sponsor: Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica de Chile ; Department of Sociology ; Oxford ; St. Antony's College ; Oxford ; Santander Bank
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.712002  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Urban poor--Chile--Santiago ; Community organization--Chile--Santiago ; Social movements--Chile--Santiago ; Social participation--Chile--Santiago ; Santiago (Chile)--Social conditions ; Santiago (Chile)--Economic conditions
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