Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.709605
Title: Exploring the roles of chromatin remodelers in regulating chromatin organisation and transcription in Dictyostelium discoideum
Author: Robinson, Mark
ISNI:       0000 0004 6059 2191
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
Nucleosomes comprise the most basic repeating unit of chromatin and provide hubs for the regulation of DNA transcription, replication and repair. ATPase chromatin remodelling complexes establish nucleosome occupancy, positioning and structure in a dynamic fashion to allow fine-tuning of protein-DNA interactions. The ISWI and CHD families of remodelers possess the ability to sample DNA linker length between nucleosomes and space nucleosomes evenly. How these spacing remodelers combine their functions to maintain phasing of nucleosomal arrays, and re-organise these arrays during development remains poorly understood. Furthermore the relationship between nucleosomal array structure and transcriptional regulation is unclear. Dictyostelium discoideum provides a complex chromatin environment and remodeler repertoire, while retaining a compact genome and ease of genetic manipulation. Thus we have utilized this model to generate remodeler null mutants, and double mutants to observe phenotypic effects and interactions. We further compiled comprehensive nucleosome mapping and RNA sequencing data sets for all spacing remodelers in Dictyostelium. Bioinformatic analysis of these data provide novel insights into remodeler functions, and help to establish a paradigm to explain the relationship between remodeler-mediated chromatin organisation and transcriptional regulation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.709605  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH301 Biology ; QH426 Genetics
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