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Title: The treatment of crime victims in the English and Nigerian criminal justice systems : a comparative perspective of what lessons Nigeria can learn from the English experience
Author: Hambali, Yahya Duro Uthman
ISNI:       0000 0004 6058 3500
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
Denial of voice, poor treatment, lack of remedy and total alienation of victims which characterise the present adversarial criminal justice system introduced to Nigeria by the British colonial administration mostly account for poor cooperation of victims with the Nigerian criminal justice apparatus. This consequently affects the degree of success the system records in its crime control agenda. Many of the criminal justice practitioners surveyed across two states of Nigeria in a qualitative research support the involvement of traditional institutions in the adjudication of simple criminal disputes to decongest courts of such cases and as well provide remedies for victims. Aside the fact that this is unsupported by the Nigerian jurisprudence, some of the practitioners are uncomfortable with the lack of a set standard of practice and procedure for the traditional adjudicating process which is the basis for the high level of inconsistencies and arbitrariness of its decisions. However, some people still defer to traditional institutions in Nigeria for adjudication of some criminal disputes notwithstanding the lack of a set standard. The victim, the offender as well as members of the community play significant role in the settlement of disputes. In view of the foregoing, the thesis draws some lessons from the victim reforms in England and Wales and some other advanced jurisdictions to construct a new model of criminal justice system for Nigeria where victims will have participatory rights as well as other rights which are enforceable internally of the system without eroding the existing rights of the offender. As well as this, the thesis draws from the outcome of a qualitative survey carried out in Nigeria, the Northern Ireland experience and the opinions of some restorative justice experts to construct a community restorative justice process that leverages on the existing socio-political structure of the traditional Nigerian societies with the necessary safeguards for the rights of all parties involved.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.706681  DOI: Not available
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