Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.706582
Title: The impact of the emerging climate change risks on sustainable urban growth in Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
Author: Maina Bukar, Yusuf
ISNI:       0000 0004 6057 8648
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
This research aims to assess the Impact of the Emerging Climate Change Risks (IECCR) on Urban Infrastructure (UI) such as; housing stock, road transport systems, energy systems and water systems; economic impact (associated with housing stock) and social well-being Impact (impact on human health) applicable to Damaturu (Yobe State, Nigeria). It also seeks to develop a viable adaptation strategy (AIECCR) that could lead to a resilient and sustainable urban growth of the town. The research made use of the criteria developed by the Climate Change Risks Observatory (CCRO) for extracting the IECCR applicable to the study area. The IECCR & AIECCR variables were transformed into a Self-Administered Questionnaire (SAQ) and administered to one hundred and five built environment professionals from the field of Architecture, Engineering & Surveying, Planning and several other professions categorised as ‘Others’ to weight the likelihood of the impacts, effectiveness of the strategies, and their willingness to implement them in their plans, designs or future policies. Subsequently, data analysis was carried out using the SPSS statistical tool. Ranking of the data was carried out using the Kendall's Coefficient of Concordance (W), and the Reliability analysis of the data was carried out using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The research has compiled a comprehensive list of IECCR & AIECCR strategies for the study area that was not put together prior to this study, several statistical tools were used to carry out the analysis of the data obtained and has revealed a disparity among the built environment professionals. Ranking of the data obtained has shown clearly how their views differ on certain subject. One-way ANOVA has also revealed 10 out of 100 variables of the study has statistical difference such as; IECCR on Energy Systems (PI3j), IECCR on Water Systems (PI4e, PI4f), IECCR on Social Well-Being (SWIa), AIECCR on Housing Stock (API1a), AIECCR on Energy Systems (API3f), AIECCR on the Economy (AEIb, AEIc), and AIECCR on Social Well-Being (ASWIe). Some of the variables were rejected and some retained. ‘Climate Change’ as a topic itself is still an alien phenomenon, and is often mystifying and even blasphemous in the study area, an in-depth reconnaissance survey of the study area were limited and raise suspicion, accessibility to acquiring a more diverse data had also been restricted due to the on-going insurgencies. Identifying the IECCR & AIECCR strategies, acknowledgment by the wider society and integrating them into policies can eventually affect the way towns and cities are designed, planned, and constructed. It can also save considerable time, lives, and resources if implemented in every plan and development. The built environment professionals, policy makers, stakeholders and residents in the study area if enlightened with these impacts and their adaptation strategies could work together to ensure a resilient and sustainable urban growth. There is also a room for further research to find out which is more important? Adhering to ‘standards’ regardless of how it affects professional practice and urban growth or the need to study the vulnerability of town and cities to climate change, assessment of its impact and the provision of its adaptation strategies before carrying out any future plans or designs? This is the first research carried out for the study area that has identified a comprehensive list of IECCR & AIECCR strategies, which when implemented could lead to resilient and sustainable growth of Damaturu. This research aims to assess the Impact of the Emerging Climate Change Risks (IECCR) on Urban Infrastructure (UI) such as; housing stock, road transport systems, energy systems and water systems; economic impact (associated with housing stock) and social well-being Impact (impact on human health) applicable to Damaturu (Yobe State, Nigeria). It also seeks to develop a viable adaptation strategy (AIECCR) that could lead to a resilient and sustainable urban growth of the town. The research made use of the criteria developed by the Climate Change Risks Observatory (CCRO) for extracting the IECCR applicable to the study area. The IECCR & AIECCR variables were transformed into a Self-Administered Questionnaire (SAQ) and administered to one hundred and five built environment professionals from the field of Architecture, Engineering & Surveying, Planning and several other professions categorised as ‘Others’ to weight the likelihood of the impacts, effectiveness of the strategies, and their willingness to implement them in their plans, designs or future policies. Subsequently, data analysis was carried out using the SPSS statistical tool. Ranking of the data was carried out using the Kendall's Coefficient of Concordance (W), and the Reliability analysis of the data was carried out using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The research has compiled a comprehensive list of IECCR & AIECCR strategies for the study area that was not put together prior to this study, several statistical tools were used to carry out the analysis of the data obtained and has revealed a disparity among the built environment professionals. Ranking of the data obtained has shown clearly how their views differ on certain subject. One-way ANOVA has also revealed 10 out of 100 variables of the study has statistical difference such as; IECCR on Energy Systems (PI3j), IECCR on Water Systems (PI4e, PI4f), IECCR on Social Well-Being (SWIa), AIECCR on Housing Stock (API1a), AIECCR on Energy Systems (API3f), AIECCR on the Economy (AEIb, AEIc), and AIECCR on Social Well-Being (ASWIe). Some of the variables were rejected and some retained. ‘Climate Change’ as a topic itself is still an alien phenomenon, and is often mystifying and even blasphemous in the study area, an in-depth reconnaissance survey of the study area were limited and raise suspicion, accessibility to acquiring a more diverse data had also been restricted due to the on-going insurgencies. Identifying the IECCR & AIECCR strategies, acknowledgment by the wider society and integrating them into policies can eventually affect the way towns and cities are designed, planned, and constructed. It can also save considerable time, lives, and resources if implemented in every plan and development. The built environment professionals, policy makers, stakeholders and residents in the study area if enlightened with these impacts and their adaptation strategies could work together to ensure a resilient and sustainable urban growth. There is also a room for further research to find out which is more important? Adhering to ‘standards’ regardless of how it affects professional practice and urban growth or the need to study the vulnerability of town and cities to climate change, assessment of its impact and the provision of its adaptation strategies before carrying out any future plans or designs? This is the first research carried out for the study area that has identified a comprehensive list of IECCR & AIECCR strategies, which when implemented could lead to resilient and sustainable growth of Damaturu.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.706582  DOI: Not available
Keywords: GE Environmental Sciences
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