Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.702011
Title: Smart metering infrastructure for distribution network operation
Author: He, Yan
ISNI:       0000 0004 5994 5981
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
With the increasing demand for energy throughout the world and the associated environmental problems, the development of a highly efficient and environmentally friendly Smart Grid has become an important objective worldwide. In Great Britain, the Smart Grid has been primarily focused on the distribution networks and smart metering is widely considered as a critical step towards the Smart Grid future. Conventionally, the communications infrastructure at the distribution level is very limited in terms of functionality and availability. There was very limited work to evaluate the impact of the communications performance of smart metering infrastructure on distribution network operation. This research investigated the impact of smart metering applications on communications requirements and the impact of the communications performance of smart metering infrastructure on distribution network operation. A smart metering communications infrastructure was modelled and simulated using OPNET. The impact of smart metering applications on smart metering communications requirements has been investigated. It is shown that individual communications requirements for smart meters are not particularly communications intensive and that infrequent large transactions posed the most significant challenges on the communications infrastructure. As the link speed decreased, large time delays were observed which have direct impact on the functions related to distribution network operations. An evaluation method was then developed to quantify the impact of smart metering communications infrastructure on distribution network operation. The main characteristics of the smart metering communications infrastructure were modelled. The characteristics of load variation were analysed and used to quantify the relationship between the time delay and the measurement error of the power system. The measured data from smart meters was refined to be used by the distribution network operational functions using state estimation and the impact was quantified using optimal power flow. Results show that fast data access is necessary for smart meter data to be used by the voltage control and the power control functions of a distribution network. The potential of using smart metering for outage management was investigated. A topology analysis method was developed which maps the physical plant model of a distribution network to a simplified analytical model. An outage area identification algorithm was developed which uses the information from smart meters and is based on the simplified network model. The outage area identification can act as one of the main functions of an outage management system providing possible outage extent information. The impact of smart meter communications on the outage area identification algorithm was investigated based on the OPNET communications model. Test results showed that smart metering has a potential to support outage management of a power distribution network. Test results showed that the arrival criterion and the smart metering communications infrastructure have a large impact on the performance of the outage area identification.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.702011  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
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