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Title: Level set segmentation of retinal structures
Author: Wang, Chuang
Awarding Body: Brunel University London
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2016
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Changes in retinal structure are related to different eye diseases. Various retinal imaging techniques, such as fundus imaging and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging modalities, have been developed for non-intrusive ophthalmology diagnoses according to the vasculature changes. However, it is time consuming or even impossible for ophthalmologists to manually label all the retinal structures from fundus images and OCT images. Therefore, computer aided diagnosis system for retinal imaging plays an important role in the assessment of ophthalmologic diseases and cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this PhD thesis is to develop segmentation methods to extract clinically useful information from these retinal images, which are acquired from different imaging modalities. In other words, we built the segmentation methods to extract important structures from both 2D fundus images and 3D OCT images. In the first part of my PhD project, two novel level set based methods were proposed for detecting the blood vessels and optic discs from fundus images. The first one integrates Chan-Vese's energy minimizing active contour method with the edge constraint term and Gaussian Mixture Model based term for blood vessels segmentation, while the second method combines the edge constraint term, the distance regularisation term and the shape-prior term for locating the optic disc. Both methods include the pre-processing stage, used for removing noise and enhancing the contrast between the object and the background. Three automated layer segmentation methods were built for segmenting intra-retinal layers from 3D OCT macular and optic nerve head images in the second part of my PhD project. The first two methods combine different methods according to the data characteristics. First, eight boundaries of the intra-retinal layers were detected from the 3D OCT macular images and the thickness maps of the seven layers were produced. Second, four boundaries of the intra-retinal layers were located from 3D optic nerve head images and the thickness maps of the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) were plotted. Finally, the choroidal layer segmentation method based on the Level Set framework was designed, which embedded with the distance regularisation term, edge constraint term and Markov Random Field modelled region term. The thickness map of the choroidal layer was calculated and shown.
Supervisor: Li, Y. Sponsor: Department of Computer Science ; Brunel University London
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Level set method ; Image segmentation ; Medical image analysis ; Markov random field ; Retinal image analysis