Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Development of a transportable cold atom gradiometer
Author: Hinton, Andrew George
ISNI:       0000 0004 5994 7936
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2016
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This work describes the technology developed for the transportable gravity gradiometer, ''GGtop", constructed at the University of Birmingham. The device aims to simultaneously interrogate two physically separated, free-falling cold atom clouds using the technique of Raman interferometry to perform differential gravity measurements. Such a technique will suppress common-mode noise sources, such as vibrations, that otherwise limit classical gravimeters and cold atom interferometers based on single-cloud measurements. The technique is expected to improve speed and sensitivity for field measurements greatly. Using a combination of commercially available components and novel designs, intended to enhance portability and robustness, allowed for demonstration of atomic interference with the apparatus via Ramsey's method of separated oscillatory fields. The achieved fringe contrast of ~2%, defined as the difference in the number of atoms detected in IF = 2 >, was limited by drifts stemming from some of the novel designs which prompted continued optimisation of the underpinning subsystems. To address performance issues parts of the experiment were redesigned with the goal of improving reliability at the expense of some portability. Using the retrofitted experiment, interference was once again achieved with fitted fringe spacing of 134.7±2.0 uS in good agreement with the 133.9 uS defined by the experimental control. A factor of 10 improvement in contrast was found with the central fringe demonstrating 18% of the atoms detected in the IF = 2> state when normalised to the total 3D MOT number. The 3.71 ± 0.01 kHz fitted linewidth of the central fringe gives a frequency uncertainty of 5.43 ± 0.01 x 10 - 7. This result leaves the experiment in a good position to begin making measurements of gravity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics