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Title: Theoretical and numerical investigation of the equilibrium shape of curved strips and tapered rods
Author: Naicu, Dragos
ISNI:       0000 0004 5993 5935
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2016
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The bending of elastic strips and rods is a field of research that continues to offer new possibilities for exploration. This dissertation focuses on two distinct problems within this context. These are the search for the equilibrium shape of thin inextensible elastic strips, such as a M�öbius strip made out of paper, and the optimal shape of tapered columns that are stable against buckling. A theoretical approach based on the principle of virtual work is used to investigate both problems. This produces novel governing non-linear differential equations that describe both equilibrium and form. In order to discover the equilibrium shapes, numerical algorithms are developed that are based on Dynamic Relaxation. There are two ways in which they are used, one as an explicit form-finding tool, and the other as a way of solving differential equations. Results are provided that extend current theoretical models. The numerical schemes produce three-dimensional shapes for strips, going beyond the canonical Möbius strip, and solution shapes for tapered columns made from non-linear elastic materials. With the aid of analytical and numerical tools, finding the form of the M�öbius strip and the tallest possible column are interesting challenges in the search for new shapes that are driven by physical and material rules. These have applicability in structural engineering, architecture, nano-technology and even artistic endeavour.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available