Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Body image in male body-builders : a qualitative investigation
Author: MacDougall, Andrew
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2003
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
There is evidence that men are experiencing body image dissatisfaction in growing numbers. The term muscle dysmorphia has been used to describe one expression of extreme body image distress and is thought to be particularly prevalent in male body-builders. This study aimed to explore male body-builders understanding and experiences of their body image. A grounded theory methodology was used, situated within a contextual constructionist epistemology. Five male body-builders were interviewed and the transcripts analysed. Control emerged as the core concept, expressing participants' feelings of control loss and attempts to mediate this. Four higher order categories emerged as areas where issues of control were most obvious self-image gym culture social pressures and health beliefs and behaviours. A model of the relationships between the categories and control was developed. Feelings of uncertainty about self in relation to body image were evident. Mediation occurred through attempts to control the social environment leading to further immersion within the gym culture. Nutritional beliefs and diet behaviours were another way in which the participants' attempted to exert control over their body image. Implications for clinical practice were discussed, with particular emphasis on men presenting to services expressing distress about their body image in relation to body fat and physique. Recommendations for future research were made and limitations of the study were discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available