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Title: Constraint satisfaction problems and related logic
Author: Madelaine, Florent
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2003
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Feder and Vardi have proved that the class captured by a monadic fragment of existential second-order logic, MMSNP, is computationally equivalent (via randomised reductions) to the class of constraint satisfaction problems (CSP) while the latter is strictly included in the former. I introduce a new class of combinatorial problems, the so-called forbidden patterns problems (FP), that correspond exactly to the logic MMSNP and introduce some novel algebraic tools like the re-colouring that allow me to construct a normal form. This leads to a constructive characterisation of the borderline of CSP within FP: a given problem in FP is either given as a problem in CSP or we build counter-examples. I relate this result to a recent and independent work by Tardif and Nesetril which relies heavily on a correspondence between duality and density. I generalise this approach to FP. Finally, I investigate homomorphism problems for unary algebras.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available