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Title: A CSP approach to the analysis of security protocols
Author: Hui, Mei Lin
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 2001
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Security protocols involve an exchange of messages in order to achieve a goal such as authentication of a user or secrecy of a session key. Many established protocols have been found to be flawed using protocol analysis techniques. In this thesis we will be extending current CSP-based protocol modelling techniques. Recent techniques for analyzing security protocols have tended to concentrate upon the small protocols that are typically found in the academic literature. However, there is a huge gulf between these and most large commercial protocols. As a result, existing techniques are difficult to apply directly to these large protocols. In this thesis we develop the notion of safe simplifying transformations: transformations that have the property of preserving insecurities; the effect of such transformations is that if we can verify the transformed protocol, then we will have verified the original protocol. We identify a number of safe simplifying transformations, and use them in the analysis of two commercial protocols, the CyberCash Main Sequence protocol and SET. We extend the CSP-based analysis technique to model the property of non-repudiation and give a formal generalized definition. Our definition of non-repudiation is tested against our two case studies. Another property we model is that of key compromise: the reuse of a compromised session key that might lead to an authentication or secrecy attack. We look at how to model the intruder learning the value of a key and then using it in an attack. We apply this technique to our case studies, looking for key compromise attacks using the session keys.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available