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Title: Characterising the relationship between climate shocks, lake drying and conflict in the Lake Chad Basin
Author: Okpara, Uche Thaddeus
ISNI:       0000 0004 5991 9863
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis provides a basin-level analysis of climate shocks and conflict links, utilising livelihoods and vulnerability toolboxes, including a newly assembled conflict dataset that captures communal, rebel and water conflicts in four Lake Chad Basin (LCB) zones. The thesis draws on multi-method approaches to assess: (i) the manner in which lake drying shapes livelihood drawbacks and opportunities, (ii) the directionality of occupation-based vulnerability to double exposures, (iii) climate conflict interactions in the context of contextual vulnerability and lake drying, and (iv) adaptation-water-conflict integration need for the LCB. Key findings reveal that: (i) asset holdings from unstable water-based activities are a medium through which drying influences livelihoods, (ii) pastoralists are more vulnerable to double exposures because they have limited social networks and income strategies, (iii) rainfall anomalies have dampening effects on conflict and lake drying does not represent a sufficient mediator for climate conflict links. Effects of rainfall anomalies on conflict are more pronounced in the presence of political exclusion in the Chad and Nigeria zones which occupy large areas of the LCB, (iv) policy initiatives increasingly acknowledge the need to preserve the Lake waters, yet initiatives that explicitly integrate adaptation, water and conflict concerns are only beginning to emerge. Two new documents indicating integration have been developed between 2015 and 2016. This thesis is the first to develop a new set of integrated vulnerability tools for use in framing climate conflict vulnerabilities in water scarce environments. It provides a piece of empirically-rich understanding that suggests that climate conflict studies that fail to account for vulnerability forces risk a critical misrepresentation and misunderstanding. The results offer an empirical case to buttress the theoretical critiques already available in the literature. The thesis concludes by outlining recommendations and ways forward that better integrate LCB-related adaptation, water governance and conflict management goals.
Supervisor: Stringer, Lindsey ; Dougill, Andrew Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available