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Title: Child poverty in Uganda : is orphanhood enough explanation?
Author: Misinde, Cyprian
ISNI:       0000 0004 5991 3891
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2015
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Despite efforts to curb child poverty globally and in Uganda specifically, many children still live in extreme poverty. However, methods used to identify poor children in Uganda such as orphanhood and vulnerable children, income-based and indirect approaches, do not adequately delineate between the poor and non-poor children. The objectives of this research are to present an analysis of child poverty exploring differences between children, between orphans and non-orphans, and by assessing the changes of the observed patterns over time from 1995 to 2011. Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS) data sets collected between 1995 and 2011 were analyzed. On realizing that the conventional methods were inadequate for the purpose, a new intrinsic value approach was developed. The intrinsic value approach was used to generate Child Living Conditions Scores (CLCS), which were treated as the dependent variable. Differences in average living conditions and poverty fixed at 2 levels (ie. CLCS=50&32) by background characteristics of the child, as explained by the 'Bioecological model', were analyzed using descriptive statics, multilevel linear and logistic, regression models. No significant consistent association was found between orphanhood status and average living conditions of a child across the years, among other factors. In contrast, significant consistent lower average living conditions were observed among children who lived in female-headed households; rural areas, Northern region; among fostered children and children who lived with grandparents, in some years. The odds of a child being in poverty were higher for children; aged 6-12 than for ages 13-17; in female than male-headed households; rural areas, and in Northern region, in all the years. The policy suggestion is, rather than focus on particular rural areas, regions or types of households; attention should be paid to the underlying causes of extreme child poverty.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Child) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available