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Title: From energy diplomacy to global governance? : a case study on China's energy security in the 21st century
Author: Yu, Ka Ho
ISNI:       0000 0004 5990 9972
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis explores whether China’s energy security in the era of Hu Jintao underwent a policy paradigm transition from going-out energy diplomacy to global energy governance. Following China’s rapid economic growth, energy security has become a big concern for the country and international cooperation is considered as a strategy to enhance it. In order to promote international energy cooperation and investment, in the late 1990s China adopted its going-out energy diplomacy strategy, which relied on bilateralism. On the other hand, in its two Energy Policy White Papers in 2007 and 2012, China emphasised global energy governance based on multilateralism as a means of maintaining a stable world energy market. While both academia and policymakers have criticised China for taking an aggressive energy diplomacy stance to increase its power in the international system, the Chinese government purports that it will be actively engaged in global energy governance to contribute to global energy security. The above discussion has raised the question of the extent to which China is willing to adjust its bilateral approach to work within a multilateral system. To explain the policy transition, or lack thereof, in China’s energy security strategy during Hu Jintao’s era, this thesis applies Hall’s theory of policy paradigm shift to three case studies: China’s energy cooperation with Central Asia, Europe, and Africa. This thesis argues that despite calls from Chinese authorities for good global energy governance, China’s energy security during Hu Jintao’s era has not yet undergone a paradigm shift away from the policy paradigm of energy diplomacy to a policy paradigm of global energy governance.
Supervisor: Pozo-Martin, Gonzalo ; Pacheco Pardo, Ramon Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available