Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.695532
Title: A novel approach for multimodal graph dimensionality reduction
Author: Kalamaras, Ilias
ISNI:       0000 0004 5989 6382
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
This thesis deals with the problem of multimodal dimensionality reduction (DR), which arises when the input objects, to be mapped on a low-dimensional space, consist of multiple vectorial representations, instead of a single one. Herein, the problem is addressed in two alternative manners. One is based on the traditional notion of modality fusion, but using a novel approach to determine the fusion weights. In order to optimally fuse the modalities, the known graph embedding DR framework is extended to multiple modalities by considering a weighted sum of the involved affinity matrices. The weights of the sum are automatically calculated by minimizing an introduced notion of inconsistency of the resulting multimodal affinity matrix. The other manner for dealing with the problem is an approach to consider all modalities simultaneously, without fusing them, which has the advantage of minimal information loss due to fusion. In order to avoid fusion, the problem is viewed as a multi-objective optimization problem. The multiple objective functions are defined based on graph representations of the data, so that their individual minimization leads to dimensionality reduction for each modality separately. The aim is to combine the multiple modalities without the need to assign importance weights to them, or at least postpone such an assignment as a last step. The proposed approaches were experimentally tested in mapping multimedia data on low-dimensional spaces for purposes of visualization, classification and clustering. The no-fusion approach, namely Multi-objective DR, was able to discover mappings revealing the structure of all modalities simultaneously, which cannot be discovered by weight-based fusion methods. However, it results in a set of optimal trade-offs, from which one needs to be selected, which is not trivial. The optimal-fusion approach, namely Multimodal Graph Embedding DR, is able to easily extend unimodal DR methods to multiple modalities, but depends on the limitations of the unimodal DR method used. Both the no-fusion and the optimal-fusion approaches were compared to state-of-the-art multimodal dimensionality reduction methods and the comparison showed performance improvement in visualization, classification and clustering tasks. The proposed approaches were also evaluated for different types of problems and data, in two diverse application fields, a visual-accessibility-enhanced search engine and a visualization tool for mobile network security data. The results verified their applicability in different domains and suggested promising directions for future advancements.
Supervisor: Gelenbe, Erol Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.695532  DOI: Not available
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