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Title: Lightweight advanced rescue structure : new sustainable shelters for living after disasters
Author: Sander, Halina Grazyna
ISNI:       0000 0004 5989 0968
Awarding Body: Ulster University
Current Institution: Ulster University
Date of Award: 2015
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The increasing number of natural and man-made disasters is calling for more efficient provisions and effective handling of disaster relief and supply. Since architects, designers and structural engineers are creative in the field of post-disaster re-constructions, as well as being involved in the setting up of camps and settlements, the prospect for improvements in terms of cost reduction and enhancement of infrastructures arises. Practical experiences and research about existing solutions are essential for developing new methodologies and technologies, to make communities more resilient against future catastrophes. The question arises, how the design of transitional dwellings could help the victims during their process of recovery. The main focus in this research is the selection of adequate solutions for the form of emergency accommodations, which could best serve people in their calamity. The aim is to find out which shape of rescue shelter could effectively allay the difficulties of traumatised people. This is with consideration for their diversity, physical and psychological situation, and with regard to their needs and requirements. The question is not how sophisticated or complicated the object could be; on the contrary, a simplification of conventional structures may be much more effective. Using the principle of synergy effect, when concept, process and structure mutually reinforce each other, I will investigate which form or structure is able to consolidate the qualities of ancient nomad shelters with the most recent modem technologies and materials. This thesis is concerned with the investigation of the characteristics of existing shelters - in the past and contemporaneously - as well as the study of the qualities of transitional dwellings and its significance, from the point of view of representatives from different professional backgrounds involved in the activities of humanitarian organisations, and descriptions related to Nomads experiences. Additionally, the thesis discusses the physical qualities of applied materials in comparison to existing standards following laboratorial testing. The thesis is completed with an exhibition showing the principles of the construction and visualisation of LARS. Models with different sizes, as well as samples of materials and images of technological processes will be displayed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available