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Title: Functional outcomes of hypoxic brain injury : a systematic review : the influence of childhood trauma and coping on the psychosis phenotype in the general population
Author: Gregg, Robert
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2015
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Our understanding of psychotic symptoms can be improved by research exploring schizotypal traits in the general population. Investigating the trauma associated with adverse childhood experiences (ACE), and how these may influence coping resources (locus of control and self-esteem) and maladaptive coping is of interest as previous research indicates these variables may contribute to exacerbation of psychotic-like symptoms in clinical and non-clinical populations. This study used questionnaires posted as a survey on Amazon's Mechanical Turk website to gather information on the foregoing variables from 254 participants. Mediation analyses indicated that an external locus of control mediated the association between ACE and maladaptive coping; that maladaptive coping mediated the relationship between an external locus of control and schizotypal traits; and that maladaptive coping fully mediated the relationship between ACE and schizotypal traits. ACE was not associated with low self-esteem, though maladaptive coping mediated the relationship between low self-esteem and schizotypal traits. The results improve our understanding of the nature of the psychosis spectrum. Implications for future research are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available