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Title: Attentional bias in clinical depression during childhood and adolescence ; alcohol attentional bias in an outpatient population attending addiction services
Author: Darcy, Donna
ISNI:       0000 0004 5995 0115
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2015
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A systematic review was undertaken to examine evidence of attentional bias in youth with clinical depression. A total of five studies were included in the review. An overview of these studies is provided, and a summary of their findings is included. Attentional bias was observed with sad stimuli in clinically depressed youth, albeit the direction of this bias was inconsistent with evidence supporting a bias towards and away from sad stimuli. Methodological limitations are discussed. The need for further research is highlighted in order to enhance our understanding of the role of attentional bias in clinical depression in youth. An eye tracking study was undertaken to explore alcohol attentional bias in an outpatient population attending addiction treatment services. The study aimed to test for the presence of attentional bias towards alcohol stimuli, predictors of attention towards alcohol stimuli, and explore predictors of outcome at a three month follow up. There was evidence of attentional bias towards alcohol stimuli in current drinkers and level of craving significantly predicted attention towards alcohol stimuli. Regarding outcome, level of craving predicted outcome in current drinkers, while trait mindfulness predicted outcome in currently abstinent individuals.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available