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Title: An integrated clustering analysis framework for heterogeneous data
Author: Mojahed, Aalaa
ISNI:       0000 0004 5993 9370
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2016
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Big data is a growing area of research with some important research challenges that motivate our work. We focus on one such challenge, the variety aspect. First, we introduce our problem by defining heterogeneous data as data about objects that are described by different data types, e.g., structured data, text, time-series, images, etc. Through our work we use five datasets for experimentation: a real dataset of prostate cancer data and four synthetic dataset that we have created and made them publicly available. Each dataset covers different combinations of data types that are used to describe objects. Our strategy for clustering is based on fusion approaches. We compare intermediate and late fusion schemes. We propose an intermediary fusion approach, Similarity Matrix Fusion (SMF), where the integration process takes place at the level of calculating similarities. SMF produces a single distance fusion matrix and two uncertainty expression matrices. We then propose a clustering algorithm, Hk-medoids, a modified version of the standard k-medoids algorithm that utilises uncertainty calculations to improve on the clustering performance. We evaluate our results by comparing them to clustering produced using individual elements and show that the fusion approach produces equal or significantly better results. Also, we show that there are advantages in utilising the uncertainty information as Hkmedoids does. In addition, from a theoretical point of view, our proposed Hk-medoids algorithm has less computation complexity than the popular PAM implementation of the k-medoids algorithm. Then, we employed late fusion that aggregates the results of clustering by individual elements by combining cluster labels using an object co-occurrence matrix technique. The final cluster is then derived by a hierarchical clustering algorithm. We show that intermediate fusion for clustering of heterogeneous data is a feasible and efficient approach using our proposed Hk-medoids algorithm.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available