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Title: Investigating aspects of immigration and attitudes towards immigration in England and Wales
Author: Waqas, Muhammad
ISNI:       0000 0004 5991 0674
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2015
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Immigration is a contentious issue for the governments of developed countries like the UK. Despite limited evidence demonstrating any substantial detrimental impact of immigration, it is often opposed. This thesis contains three empirical works that investigate a) how immigrants view immigration and how theses views compare to natives b) the role of the labour market in establishing views towards further immigration and c) the impact of immigrants on primary schools in England. Data come from the UK Citizenship Survey; the censuses, providing longitudinal data on immigration in local areas, and the Department for Education, providing panel data for primary schools. A variety of econometric techniques are employed for the data analysis: OLS, Probit, Ordered Probit, fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Design (RDD), fixed effect regressions, and Instrumental Variable (IV) are all implemented. Results suggest that earlier immigrants are similar to natives in being opposed to further immigration, while recent immigrants are more in favour of further immigration. Financial and economic shocks are associated with stronger anti-immigration responses. However, labour market concerns do not play a large role for either group of the respondents. The role of labour market is investigated more rigorously by studying the change in views of native males on exit from the labour market. After controlling for the potential selection and endogeneity biases using a fuzzy RDD, views of native males, essentially, remain unchanged with some evidence of reduced opposition after exit from the labour market. Finally, this thesis investigates the impact of immigrants on educational outcomes and schools. Using past location choice of immigrants to account for the non-random selection of immigrants into areas, results suggest that increased immigration has improved educational outcomes, both in English and maths, but also placed resource pressures on primary schools, as class sizes have increased and schools had to hire additional teachers.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available