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Title: Acceptance and commitment therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome : a case series approach
Author: Roche, Lauren
ISNI:       0000 0004 5990 2703
Awarding Body: University of Lincoln
Current Institution: University of Lincoln
Date of Award: 2016
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Background: Acceptance is understood to be an important element in coping with chronic illnesses, linked to positive outcomes such as reduced symptoms and greater quality of life. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a disabling syndrome that is associated with a poor reported quality of life even in comparison to other chronic conditions. Given that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a psychotherapeutic model aimed at increasing psychological flexibility, with an emphasis on experiential acceptance and the pursuit of values, this approach holds potential for living and coping with CFS. Methods: This study used a mixed method multiple single case design to explore the effects of a six week self-help ACT intervention with six participants with CFS. Results: Significant increases in ‘engaged response style’ was replicated in four out of six participants and maintained at follow up, with the qualitative data adding further validity to the importance of the values component of the intervention. Low initial acceptance scores improved in four participants but were not maintained. Overall measures of psychological flexibility indicated improvements maintained at follow up for three participants. All participants wearing the activity monitor showed increased physical activity post-intervention, three of which maintained this at follow up. Five participants reported less symptoms and disability, which was maintained for three participants. The implicit measure indicated that underlying beliefs remained stable. Conclusion: This study was largely exploratory but it seems that this intervention might be of benefit to some individuals with CFS, particularly in the promotion and pursuit of individual values. This study adds support to the role of acceptance in CFS however in this format at least it seems that any benefits from the intervention are difficult to maintain. Although improvements in overall psychological flexibility were replicated in three out of six participants, this prompts discussion about the ineffectiveness of the intervention for other participants.
Supervisor: Moghaddam, Nima ; Dawson, Dave Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: C841 Health Psychology