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Title: The utility of Jakobsen's ideal policy as a strategy of coercive diplomacy to prevent states attaining nuclear weapons
Author: Baillie, Robbie W.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5921 8485
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2016
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Jakobsen’s ideal policy is a strategy of coercive diplomacy that comprises of a credible threat of force to defeat the opponent or deny him his objectives quickly with little cost, a deadline for compliance, an assurance to the adversary against future demands and an offer of carrots/incentives for compliance. Although derived to understand why Western coercive diplomacy had failed to make aggressors stop or undo their actions; Jakobsen claimed the logic of the ideal policy should remain valid for preventing acquisition of Weapon of Mass Destruction. In 2006 North Korea conducted a nuclear test, signifying the failure of the Treaty for Nuclear Non-proliferation and US coercive diplomacy. However, in 2003 Libya took the decision to surrender its WMDs. Arguably Libya’s decision was an example of US coercive diplomacy backed by credible threat, demonstrated by the US invasion of Iraq. Nuclear proliferation is one of the most significant issues in international security; therefore, developing effective counter proliferation strategies is of interest to academics and policymakers. Using Jakobsen’s ideal policy as a framework this study conducts a focussed structured comparison of US coercive diplomacy, from 1992-2006, aimed at preventing North Korea and Libya from obtaining a nuclear weapon. It is the only independent study to use Jakobsen’s ideal policy to conduct a comparison. Furthermore, it contains first-hand accounts from policy makers involved in the cases. The key finding is states do not employ a form of coercive diplomacy in the form of the ideal policy over the issue of nuclear proliferation, as they are unwilling to set deadlines and make direct threats. The thesis argues that the ideal policy has utility as an analytical framework to conduct a structured comparison; however, cannot be used to form accurate predictions of whether a strategy will be successful.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Royal Navy
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: JZ International relations