Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.692945
Title: Beyond 'command & control' : developing a new paradigm for incident command systems, critical decision-making and 21st century crisis response
Author: Rubens, David
ISNI:       0000 0004 5920 8295
Awarding Body: University of Portsmouth
Current Institution: University of Portsmouth
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
The nature of crises has changed radically in recent years, so that rather than being merely ‘major incidents’ or ‘routine emergencies’, they are now characterised by their hypercomplexity and the catastrophic impact of their cascading consequences. The centralised command systems that have traditionally been considered the bedrock of crisis response programmes are repeatedly failing to stand up to the challenges posed by this new class of crisis, and it has become clear, following incidents such as 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina, that new forms of non-hierarchical, decentralised decision-making and strategy-setting frameworks need to be developed. This thesis makes the case that the organisational vulnerabilities that led to many of the high-profile crisis management failures that have become the major case studies for such incidents are both well known and highly predictable. It examines the nature of current hierarchical command-centered crisis management systems, and questions as to why these are still accepted as the default framework for such programmes. It then looks at some of the critical capabilities that are necessary for multi-agency operations operating in high-pressure crisis environments, and how they can be incorporated into current crisis management practices. It then goes on to offer two alternative paradigms to the traditional understanding of ‘efficient’ crisis management, based on the concepts associated with organizational resilience, that would allow multi-agency operations to main their functionality in high-volatile crisis environments, and the lessons that can be learned from high reliability organisations in terms of recognising the importance of reliability over efficiency. It concludes by demonstrating that the fundamental weaknesses that are the root causes of repeated failures are not so much technical or operational, but rather are reflective of the culture of crisis management organizations themselves, and makes the point that the acceptance by all levels of the crisis management community of their responsibility to create and maintain ‘organizations that work’ could lead to a rapid improvement in the rates of success.
Supervisor: Wakefield, Alison Jean ; Thorne, Sara Eileen Bertin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Sy.R.M.) Qualification Level: Thesis
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.692945  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Criminology
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