Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Numerical modelling of polydispersed flows using an adaptive-mesh finite element method with application to froth flotation
Author: Bhutani, Gaurav
ISNI:       0000 0004 5918 203X
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2016
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
An efficient numerical framework for the macroscale simulation of three-phase polydispersed flows is presented in this thesis. The primary focus of this research is on modelling the polydispersity in multiphase flows ensuring the tractability of the solution framework. Fluidity, an open-source adaptive-mesh finite element code, has been used for solving the coupled equations efficiently. Froth flotation is one of the most widely used mineral processing operations. The multiphase, turbulent and polydispersed nature of flow in the pulp phase in froth flotation makes it all the more challenging to model this process. Considering that two of the three phases in froth flotation are polydispersed, modelling this polydispersity is particularly important for an accurate prediction of the overall process. The direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) is implemented in the Fluidity code to solve the population balance equation (PBE) for modelling the polydispersity of the gas bubbles. The PBE is coupled to the Eulerian--Eulerian flow equations for the liquid and gas phases. Polydispersed solids are modelled using separate transport equations for the free and attached mineral particles for each size class. The PBE has been solved using DQMOM in a finite element framework for the first time in this work. The behaviour of various finite element and control volume discretisation schemes in the solution of the PBE is analysed. Rigorous verification and benchmarking is presented along with model validation on turbulent gravity-driven flow in a bubble column. This research also establishes the importance of modelling the polydispersity of solids in flotation columns, which is undertaken for the first time, for an accurate prediction of the flotation rate. The application of fully-unstructured anisotropic mesh adaptivity to the polydispersed framework is also analysed for the first time. Significant improvement in the solution efficiency is reported through its use.
Supervisor: Cilliers, Jan ; Brito-Parada, Pablo Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available