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Title: Quantum embedding for molecular systems : a projection-operator approach
Author: Stella, Martina
ISNI:       0000 0004 5916 8801
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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Density functional theory (DFT) is widely used to describe the electronic structure of molecular systems and, thanks to the simplicity of its theoretical framework, it is particularly suitable for the development quantum embedding schemes. In this dissertation a novel embedding scheme, based on the employment of a projection operator, is presented. This method allows one to embed one sub-region of a given molecular system in its environment and treat these regions at different level of theory (e.g. CCSD(T)in- DFT). Thanks to the use of a projection technique that enforces the Pauli principle between subsystems, the complications associated with the appearance of non-additive kinetic energy contributions are overcome. First, I show a general software implementation of the method and the features that allow the analysis of a variety of chemical problems (e.g. organic reactions, transition metal complexes). Next, I apply the method to a wide range of benchmarking examples chosen to assess accuracy and performance. Namely, the SN2 reaction of I-propylchloride with CI- , phenol molecule deprotonation reaction, association of' iron(II) to ethylamine, Diels-Alder cycloaddition, and Stone' Vales rotation reaction are investigated. I show that , for such examples, this framework is able to reproduce the accuracy of highly correlated wave-function (WF) methods with reduced computational cost, by performing WF-in-DFT calculations. In addition, by exploring several simulation conditions, e.g. different functionals, localisation schemes, basis sets, I demonstrate the performance of the method displays a fairly independent behaviour with respect to simulation conditions. Finally, once the robustness of the code has been tested, I extend applications to more realistic chemical systems of technological and experimental interest, i.e. adsorption of cobalt on coronene. A further improvement of the method is also described. I assess a new version of the code that enables further reduction of the computational cost and the possibility of enlarging the size of the systems studied by performing an intelligent truncation of the atomic basis set used in the WF-based calculation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available