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Title: Broadening the valuation space in health technology assessment : the case of monitoring individuals with ocular hypertension
Author: Hernandez, Rodolfo
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2016
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The economic evaluation (EE) component of health technology assessments (HTA) often defines value in terms of health related quality of life, with many HTA agencies requiring the use of EQ-5D based Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs). These approaches do not capture value derived from patient experience factors and the process of care. This thesis widens the valuation space beyond this limited perspective, taking account of such factors, using monetary values generated from a discrete choice experiment (DCE), incorporating these into a discrete event simulation (DES) and conducting a cost-benefit analysis (CBA). The case study is monitoring individuals with ocular hypertension. Five strategies were compared using a DES: 'Treat All' at ocular hypertension diagnosis with minimal followup; Biennial monitoring (either in primary or secondary care) with treatment according to predicted glaucoma risk; and monitoring and treatment according to the UK National glaucoma guidance (either conservative or intensive). DCE based Willingness to pay (WTP) estimates for relevant health outcomes (e.g. risk of developing or progressing glaucoma and treatment side effects), patient experience factors (e.g. communication and understanding with the health care professional) and process of care (e.g. monitoring setting) were obtained. Conditional logit, mixed logit preference space and mixed logit WTP-space (rarely used within health economics) econometric specifications were used. These WTP valuations were aggregated in the DES, as fixed mean values or allowing variation between simulated individuals. While the standard cost-utility analysis (CUA) using EQ-5D implied 'Treat All' was most likely cost-effective, CBA with broadened valuation space identified, consistently across different econometric specifications, 'Biennial hospital' as the best choice. This thesis proposes an approach to broaden the valuation space that can be promptly used for EE-HTA. Researchers should be attentive of the valuation space considered in their EE and choose wisely the EE approach to be used (e.g. CUA and/or CBA).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme ; Research Councils UK ; University of Aberdeen ; Health Economics Research Unit (HERU)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Patient-centered health care ; Medical care