Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.689338
Title: Extreme ultraviolet lasers and their interactions with matter
Author: Aslanyan, Valentin
ISNI:       0000 0004 5918 7842
Awarding Body: University of York
Current Institution: University of York
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
This work describes the generation and matter interactions of laser radiation with wavelengths between approximately 10 and 100 nanometres. The properties and dynamics of plasmas, created rapidly by photons of this wavelength range through the process of photoionization, are discussed here. A collisional-radiative model has been developed and used to simulate the ion populations in such plasmas and make comparisons with local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), which is frequently used to model dense plasmas. Despite the effects of rapid heating, due to the absorption of laser energy, and free electron degeneracy, due to the high densities, it is shown that LTE holds for such laser plasmas. Simulations predict that intense photoionizing radiation can cause a wavelike lowering of opacity to propagate through plasma. A number of experiments have been undertaken using a capillary discharge laser operating in neon-like argon, with a wavelength of 46.9 nanometres. Two focal geometries have been used to create plasmas at solid density: a Fresnel zone plate and a multilayer mirror. The focal intensity profiles in both cases have been modelled by a diffraction code, which closely matched micrographs produced in these experiments. The motion of laser-produced plasmas has been modelled by a 2-dimensional radiation-hydrodynamic code. These simulations were extended to 3 dimensions by a geometrical approach and compared to perforations made in thin targets. Laser experiments have allowed the viability of simultaneously generating and probing dense plasmas to be evaluated for both focusing geometries.
Supervisor: Tallents, Greg J. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.689338  DOI: Not available
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