Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.688183
Title: An investigation into the role of interleukin-6 in linking systemic and local inflammatory responses in patients with colorectal cancer
Author: Guthrie, Graeme J. K.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5917 1306
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in the UK. It is accepted that both tumour and host factors are important determinants of disease progression and survival. While systemic and local inflammatory responses are increasingly recognized to be of particular importance the understanding of the mechanisms linking these important inflammatory processes remains unclear. This thesis examines the prognostic importance of measures of systemic and local inflammation and proposes a hypothesis for a link between tumour necrosis, systemic and local inflammatory responses in patients with colorectal cancer. Chapter 3 reports the comparison of the prognostic value of longitudinal measurements of systemic inflammation in patients undergoing curative resection of colorectal cancer. In Chapter 3 the results demonstrate that there was no significant overall change in either mGPS or NLR from pre- to post- operatively. This study highlighted the associations between pre- and post- operative mGPS and NLR and T-stage (p<0.001), TNM stage (p<0.005) and cancer-specific survival. The relationships between pre-operative measurements were examined using multivariate analysis. For pre-operative measurement both mGPS and NLR were associated with cancer-specific survival while when post-operative measures were examined only mGPS was specifically associated with cancer-specific survival (HR 4.81, CI 2.13-10.83, P<0.001). Chapter 4 examines the prognostic value of the Klintrup-Makinen scoring method and the existing limitations with regard to its clinical utility. An automated scoring method using commercially available image analysis software was developed and compared with manual scoring of tumour inflammatory infiltrates. This study demonstrated that both manual K-M scoring (p<0.001) and automated K-M scoring (p<0.05) had prognostic value in patients who had undergone potentially curative resection of colorectal cancer, and that the novel automated method may provide an objective method of assessment of tumour inflammatory infiltrates using routinely stained haematoxylin and eosin sections of tumour samples. In chapter 5 a hypothesis was proposed that Interleukin-6 may link tumour necrosis and systemic and local inflammatory responses in patients with colorectal cancer. This chapter examined the basis for this hypothesis, which is presented in figure 5.1. In addition, in chapter 5 the importance of this potential link is examined. In chapter 6, the hypothesis outlined in chapter 5 was examined in a cohort of patients who had undergone attempted curative resection of colorectal cancer. This study examined the inter-relationships between circulating mediators, in particular IL-6, tumour necrosis and systemic and local inflammatory responses. This results of this study demonstrated that IL-6 was associated with tumour necrosis (<0.001) and mGPS (<0.001) independent of T-stage. Thus adding weight to the hypothesis that elevated circulating concentrations of IL-6 may play a role in modulating both the systemic and local inflammatory responses in patients with cancer. Chapter 7 further develops the hypothesis that IL-6 signalling may be important in modulating systemic and local inflammatory responses in patients with colorectal cancer. Further, in chapter 7 the basis for the role of trans-signalling in this signaling pathway was examined. In this study, we reported that neither expression of the soluble IL-6 receptor or soluble gp130 were associated with systemic or local inflammatory responses. As a result the possible reasons for these findings were explored and future work suggested. A prospective database of patients undergoing attempted curative resection of colorectal cancer in Glasgow Royal Infirmary was used throughout this thesis. This database was created and is maintained regularly by successive research fellows at the Royal Infirmary. The work presented in this thesis highlights the importance of the host response in the form of systemic and local inflammation in patients with colorectal cancer and proposes a link between these responses and tumour necrosis. In addition, this work adds weight to the body of evidence suggesting that assessment of these host responses may improve stratification to treatment for patients with colorectal cancer. Further, this work proposes a mechanistic link, between tumour necrosis, systemic and local inflammatory responses through Interleukin-6, that merits further investigation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.688183  DOI: Not available
Keywords: R Medicine (General) ; RD Surgery
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