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Title: On the generation of environmentally efficient flight trajectories
Author: McEnteggart, Quintain
ISNI:       0000 0004 5915 3570
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2015
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To achieve a sustainable future for air transport, the International Civil Aviation Organization has proposed goals for reductions in community noise impact, local air quality and climate impacting emissions. The goals are intended to be achieved through advances in engine design, aircraft design and through improvements in aircraft operational procedures. This thesis focuses on operational procedures, and considers how trajectory generation methods can be used to support ight and airspace planners in the planning and delivery of environmentally e cient ight operations. The problem of planning environmentally e cient trajectories is treated as an optimal control problem that is solved through the application of a direct method of trajectory optimisation combined with a stochastic Non Linear Programming (NLP) solver. Solving the problem in this manner allows decision makers to explore the relationships between how aircraft are operated and the consequent environmental impacts of the ights. In particular, this thesis describes a multi-objective optimisation methodology intended to support the planning of environmentally e cient climb and descent procedures. The method combines environmental, trajectory and NLP methods to generate Pareto fronts between several competing objectives. It is shown how Pareto front information can then be used to allow decision makers to make informed decisions about potential tradeo s between di erent environmental goals. The method is demonstrated through its application to a number of real world, many objective procedure optimisation studies. The method is shown to support in depth analysis of the case study problems and was used to identify best balance procedure characteristics and procedures in an objective, data driven approach not achievable through existing methods. Driven by operator speci c goals to reduce CO2 emissions, work in this thesis also looks at trajectory based ight planning of CO2 e cient trajectories. The results are used to better understand the impacts of ATM constraints and recommended procedures on both the energy management and fuel e ciency of ights. Further to this, it is shown how trajectory optimisation methods can be applied to the analysis of conventional assumptions on fuel e cient aircraft operations. While the work within is intended to be directly relevant to the current air tra c management system, both consideration and discussion is given over to the evolution and continued relevance of the work to the Single European Sky trajectory based concept of operation.
Supervisor: Whidborne, James F. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available