Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.687408
Title: Is there a relationship between ultrasound scanning ability (sonography) and visuospatial perception or psychomotor ability?
Author: Chapman, Elizabeth
ISNI:       0000 0004 5923 6448
Awarding Body: Glasgow Caledonian University
Current Institution: Glasgow Caledonian University
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
Competent sonography includes a unique combination of visuospatial perception and psychomotor skills not yet identified. Little is known about the relationship between these two abilities and scanning ability and this feasibility study explores possible relationships. A sample of thirty experienced sonographers and thirty trainees before and after training were administered five visuospatial perception tests, two psychomotor tests and an Obstetric Structured Assessment Test (OSAT) to asses scanning ability. The two psychomotor tests employed were the Perdue Pegboard Test (PPT) and Zig Zag Tracking (ZZT) test. The PPT measured dexterity for gross movement of arms, hands, and fingers and fingertip dexterity. The ZZT measured hand to eye coordination or speed and accuracy of hand movement. No significant relationship between trainees' visuospatial ability or psychomotor abilities and scanning abilities were found. The results for visuospatial perception tests suggested that the Snow Pictures Test, Surface Development Test and Gestalt Completion Test were influenced by sonography training so they were not measuring innate skills. However, the Mental Rotation and Abstract Reasoning Tests scores were not influenced by training therefore they measured the innate skills of sonographers and therefore may be useful in selection processes for admission to training programs or, to identify those trainees who may benefit from more intense training and support. However abilities require further investigation. The ranges of scores for each of the eight tests for the profession of sonography were established. The range of scores for sonographers for the PPT and ZZT gave a measure of dexterity for gross movement of arms, hands, and fingers and fingertip dexterity for this particular group adding to the current body of knowledge in this area. Performance on the OSA T pre-training may give an indication of post training scarming performance so this may be a useful tool for initial assessment of potential trainees but, further studies with a larger sample would be required before this could be endorsed, validated or implemented.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Prof.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.687408  DOI: Not available
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