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Title: The ideology of Lusitanian integralism : (Saudade, Sebastianism and ideology in Portuguese Politics, 1914-1933)
Author: Cardoso, M. V. E.
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 1983
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This is a study of Lusitanian Integralism - a political ideology that arose in Portugal in 1914 and which was to exert great influence on Salazar’s New State. The chosen methodology was inspired by Peter Winch’s The Idea of a Social Science and draws on those ideas put forward by Wittgenstein in his later philosophy, which were found relevant to the study of a nationalist political ideology in its particular cultural context. The two main concepts employed in this study - Saudade and Sebastianism - occupy central places in Portuguese history and culture. Saudade is a complex network of attitudes and values involving various forms of nostalgia. Sebastianism can have various meanings, but generally involves an unreasonable, sometimes messianic belief in a glorious future. These two cultural entities are extensively examined, with special attention paid to their political-ideological implications, and then used to present an interpretation of Lusitanian Integralism in its three main forms: the Integralism of Saudade, the Integralism of Sebastianism and the Integralism of Synthesis. The relationship between history, culture and political ideology is, throughout the study, the main focus.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available