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Title: The experience of Chinese trainees in Japan : the dynamics of exclusion and inclusion
Author: Chen, Ci
ISNI:       0000 0004 5924 2696
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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In response to the labour shortage caused by low fertility and an ageing population, some Japanese labour-intensive companies recruit foreign labourers through the Technical Intern Training Programme. Chinese temporary migrant workers employed through this programme are called 'Chinese trainees'. According to the Japan International Training Cooperation Organisation (JITCO), 534,742 Chinese trainees were recruited through JITCO between 1992 and 2010, representing approximately 74 percent of all foreign trainees. While Chinese trainees contribute positively to the nation's economy, conflicts and dissatisfaction are also created and voiced by them, which calls for a re-examination of the current policy. A deeper understanding of and strategies for integration of the trainees into Japanese society are important issues associated with the programme and this research. There is a dearth of knowledge in understanding the experiences of international temporary migrant workers in the host countries from their viewpoint. Therefore, the concepts of social exclusion and inclusion are utilised to construct a multi-dimensional theoretical framework to understand and analyse the experiences and perspectives of Chinese trainees during their time in Japan. The effectiveness and suitability of the training policy as a means to recruit low-skilled foreign workers is examined. Forty-five in-depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with former Chinese trainees who worked for three years in Japan; key stakeholders such as government and NGO representatives; academics; and Japanese employers and administers in trade associations. Thematic analysis was conducted to identify and organise key themes on the experiences of Chinese trainees, and to seek the meaning of their life stories. The findings highlight the importance of trainees' individual initiatives, support and care from the receiving communities, and the knowledge achieved within a particular social context. A body of evidence also reveals that the current policy practices have negative impacts on trainees' experiences, and need to be improved.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available