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Title: The role and power of the President : examining the South Korean Presidency after democratisation in South Korea
Author: Lee, Hyang-Joo
ISNI:       0000 0004 5923 7256
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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This research examines the role and power of the South Korean president in the making of policy toward North Korea. It seeks to unpack how different presidents have produced different features of this policy-making within their administration. To compare the management and implementation of the policy-making system by different presidents, it examines in particular, the policy-making of three of them - Kim Young-sam, Kiln Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun - who were in office after the democratisation of the country, looking most closely at their operation in three critical events relating to North Korea. The theoretical framework of this research draws extensively on the insights into presidential p01.vel' in Richard Neustadt's book (1960), which emphasises the ability of individual presidents to secure their own interests through policy-making. However, it attempts to sketch the influence of personal elements in the policy-making more systemically than Neustadt does by introducing the president's institutional roles, such as his reorganisation of the policy-making system and process, and his personnel management. The analysis also does something which has hardly ever been done in presidential studies: it draws on the impact of history and of the peculiar national environments of certain states (other than the U.S.) on the role and power of the president in making policy. Within this research framework, it argues that the president in South Korea dominates by controlling the policy-making system. It also contends that the process of policy-making is more fundamentally embedded in the president's personal beliefs, confidence and outlook on policy and policy-making. From this point of view, this reseaJ,:ch suggests more mixed analytical methods for explaining the complicated activities and decisions of the president, and also for the sake of a more comprehensive understanding of the presidency as a whole.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available