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Title: The construction of Ottoman Asia and its Muslim peoples in Wellington House's propaganda and associated literature, 1914-1918
Author: McEvoy, Sadia
ISNI:       0000 0004 5921 2833
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2016
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Whilst the subject of the British propaganda project during World War One has attracted a reasonable amount of attention, this has focused largely on Britain’s war with Germany, on the Home Front or else on efforts to win American support. Beyond the study of events in Armenia, very little consideration has been given to how propagandists and writers responded to her war with Turkey. This thesis uses a range of materials, primarily books, pamphlets and illustrated newspapers produced by Wellington House, or by writers associated with it, to chart the nature and development of Britain’s construction of Ottoman Asia and its Muslim peoples during the war. Beginning by chronologically reviewing the development of the government’s official policy towards the Ottoman Empire, it then turns more specifically to the evolution of propaganda relating to the Middle East, concluding with an examination of fiction written largely by novelists co-opted by Wellington House. The thesis shows a relatively benign and unfocused approach giving way in mid-1916 to a more coherent and aggressive policy which continued for the remainder of the war. It demonstrates that Britain’s response was not just a reflection of static cultural assumptions as is frequently supposed but a careful balancing act as she sought to maintain the support of the Empire’s one hundred million Muslim subjects whilst also engaging in war against the Ottoman caliphate and, in due course, laying claim to her territory. The construction of the Ottoman Empire and its Muslim peoples in British propaganda was part of a bigger, and longer, picture of imperial history and ambition. Above all, it was a textual exercise in which the propagandists attempted to articulate and legitimise Britain’s entitlement to the imperial territory within her possession and that which she aspired to attain.
Supervisor: James, Alan Mackenzie ; Philpott, William James Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available