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Title: Democracy promotion in Vietnam's political discourse : the construction and problematisation of democracy since 1945
Author: Nguyen, Thuy-Minh
ISNI:       0000 0004 5919 089X
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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Vietnam has always claimed to be a democracy. Especially, since 1986, Vietnam has repeatedly asserted political reform to realise a 'socialist democracy.' The Party and the State has made policies targeting 'democratic issues'. The changing roles of the Party, the State, the State's organs like Government, and the National Assembly etc., their relationship with each other and with the people in the reform period have also been discussed and tailored in the language of democracy. Different issues like law-making, corruption, and development have also been mentioned in relation to democracy. Therefore, democracy has become a central topic in Vietnam's political life which should not be neglected. Despite extensive literature on political change in Vietnam and the Vietnamese state, there has been little academic engagement with policy practices promoting democracy in Vietnam. This research is going to address this gap, inquiring into how democracy has been constructed and reconstructed in Vietnam since its birth in 1945, with special attention paid to democracy in the reform period (1986- present). The research is going to draw on the poststructuralist theoretical framework developed by Foucault, and Laclau and Mouffe, at the core of which is the concept of 'discourse', and methods provided by Laclau and Mouffe, Bacchi, and Doty. Examining primary texts produced by key Vietnamese policy authors in different periods, it is going to trace how the Vietnamese political discourse in each historical period has assigned certain meanings to democracy, and how it has constructed particular issues as 'democratic problems.' Second, it shows how the main actors (the Party, the State and the people) have been given particular identities and how their power relationship has been structured and restructured in this process. Finally, it explores how such articulations of democracy have made possible particular policy solutions while foreclosed alternatives.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available