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Title: Heterogeneous enantioselective hydrogenation of β-keto esters using chirally modified supported Ni nanoparticles
Author: Acharya, Sushma
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2016
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Enantioselective heterogeneous catalysis is an important and rapidly expanding research area. The two most heavily researched examples of this type of catalysis are the enantioselective hydrogenation of α-keto-esters over Pt-based catalysts and the enantioselective hydrogenation of β-keto-esters over Ni-based catalysts. These enantioselective surface reactions are controlled by the presence of adsorbed chiral molecules i.e. tartaric acid on the surface of the metal component of the catalyst. The work presented in this thesis focuses on two parts, the synthesis of pure nickel nanoparticles and enantioselective behavior of the modified nickel nanoparticles. The works on the synthesis of pure nickel nanoparticles were carried out using two methods, the reverse microemulsion and the reduction method. It was discovered that the reverse microemulsion method produced nickel oxide nanoparticles, whereas the reduction method produced pure nickel nanoparticles. Chiral modifications of Raney nickel (RNi) and C-supported catalysts were studied. The catalysts were employed in enantioselective hydrogenation of methyl acetoacetate (MAA) to (R) - and (S)-enantiomers of methyl 3-hydroxybutyrate (MHB). The effects of modification and hydrogenation parameters such as concentration of modifier temperature, pressure and solvent on the enantioselectivity of MAA hydrogenation were discussed. For RNi methanol was found to be the best solvent, with tartaric acid concentration 0.2 mol/L for achieving the highest enantiomeric excess under 8 bar at 70 oC. Characteristic features of the in-situ modification of Raney nickel and C-supported Ni were also evaluated and the results obtained were compared with the conventional (pre-modification) approach. Parameters for the conventional and in-situ methods were optimised in a series of experiments for both types of catalysts. The in-situ modified catalyst was found more active for both RNi and C-supported catalysts with 98 % and 42% enantiomeric excess, respectively.
Supervisor: Watson, David ; Crean, Carol Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available