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Title: Essays on the economics of maternity care in England
Author: Ertok, Merve
ISNI:       0000 0004 5918 0069
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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This PhD examines the impact of policies introduced to improve outcomes in health care in England in the first decade of the 21st century, focusing on their impact on outcomes in maternity care. It uses data from the primary hospital discharge data set for English National Health Service hospitals, known as Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). Chapter 1 examines the impact of a "payment by results" policy aimed at improving care outcomes in hospitals. This scheme was known as the Commissioning Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) payment framework. I examine the impact of this policy on csection rates in England. My focus is on the scheme as used in the financial year 2010/11. I investigate whether there are any reductions attributable to the CQUIN scheme in c-sections. [ find that the scheme does not have any statistically significant impact on c-section rates. Chapter 2 investigates the effect of being born on a weekend on the probability of dying among babies born at English NHS acute hospitals. The "weekend effect" has been documented in a range of hospital settings. We examine whether this is still present in maternity care after large increases in hospital staffing during the mid-2000s. We use 2009/10 Hospital Episode Statistics maternity data and control for a wide range of baby's and mother's characteristics. We find that being born on a weekend is not associated with any statistically significant increase in the odds of dying. Chapter 3 examines the use of the hospital (as distinct from the individual) as the unit of analysis in a difference-in-difference analysis. We provide evidence for our theoretical framework with an empirical application of the evaluation of Payment by Results (PbR) scheme, started in 2005/2006 in maternity care. We find that there is no statistically significant association of this scheme on the outcomes. However, we find modest evidence for the fact that NHS acute trusts game the scheme by increasing the amount of antenatal admissions not related to a delivery event. Chapter 4 examines the impact of Maternity Matters Agenda (2009) on maternal outcomes. The policy introduced choice of place of birth among women. This followed the introduction of competition across English NHS acute trusts. I investigate the impact of competition on the quality of maternity services. I find that although the market competition has increased over the 7 year period, this is not associated with any improvements in the level of quality of maternity services.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available