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Title: This bread is the body of Christ : an incarnational model of the Eucharist
Author: Arcadi, James Michael
ISNI:       0000 0004 5917 8604
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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In this thesis, I argue that when Christ uttered the Eucharistic words of institution, and when ministers do the same, the bread / wine of the Eucharist is consecrated and renamed, bringing about a metaphysical state of affairs much like the Incarnation where the consecrated and renamed objects are both bread or wine and a part of Christ's extended body. As this thesis is an instance of Analytic Theology that takes the history of theological reflection seriously, I first introduce the analytic methodology, some metaphysical presuppositions, and an analysis of traditional views on the metaphysics of the Eucharist. Next, I present foundational Biblical material focusing on a linguistic and narrative exposition of the Last Supper, from the accounts in the Syonptic Gospels, 1 Corinthians 10-11, John 13-17, and Luke 24. Here I also introduce the recent Eucharistic theology of George Hunsinger, who is a regular interlocutor throughout the thesis. Chapters 3 and 4 make use of recent work in speech-act theory in order to describe how the Eucharistic elements are consecrated and renamed, resulting in the predications 'is bread' and 'is the body of Christ' being apt of the consecrated object. I also introduce an action account of divine omnipresence that provides an underlying motif for Christ's presence in the Eucharist. I then offer an exposition and advancement of recent analytic discussions of Chalcedonian Christology, specifically' three-part, concrete, compositionalism' elucidated by enabling externalism. This is then utilised in the next two chapters to delineate three types of incarnational models of Christ's presence in the Eucharist. I argue that one of these models better fits with the Scriptural, liturgical, and Christological material, and is in accord with Hunsinger's work. Thus, this model is offered as a Scripturally-grounded, historically-informed, metaphysically-coherent, and (potentially) ecumenicallyattractive incarnational model of Christ's presence in the Eucharist.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available